India Car Loan Market:Analysis and Outlook to 2025 with the Potential Impact of COVID-19

The Indian Car Loan Market is Anticipated to Grow at a Brisk Rate During the Forecast Period on Account of Growing Disposable Income, Declining Fuel Prices and Increasing Ownership of Vehicles.

The Indian Car Loan Market is anticipated to grow at a brisk rate during the forecast period on account of growing disposable income, declining fuel prices and increasing ownership of vehicles. Moreover, shift from combustion engine vehicles towards electric vehicles, product launches, subsidies offered by the government on purchase of electric vehicles and high vehicle replacement rate are promoting to sales of car across India, which is consequently driving the car loan market in the country as well. Additionally, high GDP growth rate and surging population in the country have made India, one of the largest car markets after China, Japan, US and Germany with sales of 3.3 million passenger cars in 2018. As a result, major automakers are setting up their production plants and focusing on launching new vehicles in the country, subsequently, driving the car loan market in India.

The Indian Car Loan Market can be segmented based on the type, car type, source, percentage of amount sanctioned, type of city, tenure and region. In terms of car type, market can be segmented into SUV, hatchback and sedan. Sedan is the dominant car type in the country and the trend is likely to continue in the forthcoming years as well. This is due to the riding comfort, safety and lower noise, vibration when compared with other counterparts in the same segment. In order to promote the adoption of electric vehicles, the government of India has reduced the GST from 12% to 5% on the purchase on electric vehicle and the government is also offering INR1.5 lac tax exemption on loan taken for the purchase of electric vehicle, thereby driving the car loan market in India. On the basis of type, the demand for used car has increased in the past few years and the trend is likely to continue in the upcoming years as well due to high yield and low price of these cars. Major companies offering loans for the purchase of car in India are categorized into banks, OEM or non-banking financial company (NBFC). Original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) are coming up with various credit provision in order to attract more buyers and borrowers and are offering loan based on individual needs for the purchase of car in the country. Some of the banks providing car loan include State Bank of India, HDFC Bank, ICICI Bank, Axis Bank, etc.

The public and private sector banks are the major players in the market when compared with NBFC and OEMs due to large customer base, better customer service and competitive rates. However, share of NBFC has grown in the past few years and the trend is anticipated to continue over the next five years as well. This is due to the fact that NBFC has major share of customers from non-metro and rural areas.