The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has saluted the daughters of the nation on National Girl Child Day yesterday. In a tweet, Shri Modi said “On National Girl Child Day, we salute our #DeshKiBeti and the accomplishments in various fields. The Central Government has undertaken many initiatives that focus on empowering the girl child, including access to education, better healthcare and improving gender sensitivity.” Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani, Union Minister for Women and Child Development said in a tweet, “On National Girl Child Day, we reiterate our commitment towards ensuring equal rights for every girl child and empowering them with opportunities. Let us take pride in our daughters and spread awareness about the importance of girl child using #DeshKiBeti”.
NEP 2020 will focus on the safety and security of school-going girls both inside and outside of the campus. The schools have to ensure harassment, discrimination, and domineer free campus before enlisting for yearly accreditation. This will increase the attendance number of girl children in the class. The policy will identify social mores and gender stereotypes that prevent girls from accessing education and causing regular dropouts.
Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Education (MoE) is implementing Samagra Shiksha – an Integrated Scheme for School Education (ISSE) under which various interventions have been targeted for Girls’ Education. Bridging gender and social category gaps at all levels of school education is one of the major objectives of the Samagra Shiksha. In order to ensure greater participation of girls in education, various interventions under Samagra Shiksha have been targeted. These interventions include: Opening of schools in the neighbourhood as defined by the State, Provision of free text-books to girls up to Class VIII, Uniforms to all girls, SC, ST children and Below Poverty Line (BPL) children up to class VIII, Provision of gender segregated toilets in all schools, Teachers’ sensitization programmes to promote girls’ participation, Provision for Self-Defence training for the girls from classes VI to XII, Stipend to CWSN girls from class I to Class XII, Residential Schools/Hostels, Construction of residential quarters for teachers in remote/hilly areas/in areas with difficult terrain.
Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports in recent years have promoted inclusivity, created an ecosystem of awareness towards women in sports and inspired a generation of young girls to actively take part in sports. An exclusive component of the Khelo India Scheme focuses on barriers faced by girls & women to take part in sporting activities, and creating mechanisms to overcome these andincrease participation. There is 161% increase in women participation at the Khelo India Games from 2018 to 2020. From 657 identified female athletes being supported under the Khelo India scheme in 2018, the number has now gone up to 1471 (223% increase). 86 women athletes were a part of the Target Olympic Podium Scheme (TOPS) program in September 2018 and today we have 190 of them (220% jump).
Ministry of Skill Development is making efforts for building conducive ecosystem for skilling women in India.Out of 33 National Skill Training Institutes (NSTIs), 19 NSTIs are providing skill training exclusively for women. In NSTIs 3,400seats have been sanctioned under Craftsman Training Scheme and 2,225 seats have been sanctioned under Crafts Instructor Training Scheme(CITS). 421 women have been trained in AdvancedDiploma in IT Networking and Cloud Computing.In the National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS), the percentage of female apprentices has increased from 4% in August, 2016 to 12% in December, 2020. The female enrollment percentage in STRIVE-assisted ITIs has increased from 15.5% to 19.1%. Out of 23 lakh RPL certifications awarded during FY 2019-20 under PMKVY, over 5 lakhs were women. 271 Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSS) have been sanctioned out of which 227 JSSs are active in States/UTs. Out of 4 lakh beneficiaries (per annum) 85% are women.